Lipofilling is a surgical procedure that transfers suctioned fat from one place in the body to another place. It is performed for aesthetic or reconstructive reasons.
Adipose tissue or fat tissue is mainly located underneath the skin. The adipose within the human body is also called "the adipose organ". Fat is a highly dynamic tissue and crucial for our body as it secretes hormones and molecules that are essential for us. Fat also regulates our body temperature. It is a promising organ for us plastic surgeons to work with as it has a wide variety of clinical applications. It is an exciting tissue!
THE CELLS IN FAT
Fat or adipose tissue contains all different kind of cells and not only fat cells. A fat cell is called an adipocyte but fat tissue also contains stem cells, blood cells, vascular cells, etc. Fat tissue is also highly vascularized.
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The adipocyte or fat cell is a fascinating cell. The cell is completely filled with an oil droplet. It looks like a signet ring. A fat cell can increase it size or downsizes if starvation occurs. Fat tissue originates from the mesoderm and is called a mesenchymal tissue.
Every single adipocyte or fat cell is in close contact with a blood vessel (capillary). Fat tissue is highly vascularized because it has a high metabolism and exchanges molecules and hormones with the peripheral blood.
Adipose tissue is a connective tissue and consists mainly of fat cells that are organized in a three-dimensional setting. In between the adipocytes we observe a population of other cells. Those cells are located in the stomal-vascular fraction of fat tissue.